仔细反思了一下,中国和美国的affirmative action确实是不太一样的

2022.01.26 23:28 New-Impact1438 仔细反思了一下,中国和美国的affirmative action确实是不太一样的

之前曾经在论坛里盘点过中共现在在国内施行的政策,得出的结论是中国简直就是世界上最右的国家,然后下面有人回复我,说我说得没有道理,举了少数民族加分等作为例子。我认真的思考了一下,觉得说得还是有道理的,虽然现在中共的一些少数民族政策是极右,但是历史上乃至到现在,中国的各种类似affirmative action的措施还是挺左的,得前后分开来对待。
其实一开始的时候,看到中国的少数民族加分,我先是本能的想到美国也有affirmative action,然后看了一些美国关于少数民族讨论的例子,发现美国的矛盾本质上还是“机会平等”和“结果平等”的区别。美国的左派主张结果平等,打个比方,如果黑人比例是13%,那么美国左派就认为假如大学毕业生里面黑人比例不到13%(比方说只有10%),就说明整个教育系统里面有系统性的种族歧视。而美国右派的看法就不多说了,经典的机会平等,讨厌affirmative action之类的政策。
这十多年可以明显的感觉到,美国的左派是越来越左,对于结果平等的追求已经渗透到了方方面面,打个比方,美国各州不论人口多寡都有两名参议员,而沿海偏民主党的蓝州平均人口较多,族裔也比较多元化;内陆的偏共和党的红州族裔比较单一,平均人口也比较少,也就是说,虽然主观上美国开国先贤在设计参议院时只是考虑平衡大小州,没有考虑到种族因素,但是按照现在的美国人口分布,参议院的设计对白人有利。于是就有不少左派认为美国有一个“racist senate”,放大了白人特权(white privilege)。
对于到底是机会平等还是结果平等,我个人的看法是理想的状态介于两者之间,需要拿捏好度,过于追求结果平等会消磨人的奋斗精神(因为不管怎么努力蛋糕就是那么多),而过于追求机会平等则是无视优势族群享有的一系列结构性优势。美国这几十年是逐渐从机会平等往结果平等走,越来越左的,但是请注意,即使是AOC这种美国极左派,追求的也只是到“结果平等“就打住并且到此为止了,在美国没有任何主流左派人士支持“逆向歧视“,就是连结果平等都觉得太右了(随便举个例子,如果说结果平等是13%的黑人拿到13%的蛋糕,62%的白人拿到62%的蛋糕,那么”逆向歧视派“就是13%的黑人拿到15%的蛋糕,62%的白人拿到60%的蛋糕)。
中国的affirmative action是个什么情况?很多时候已经到了“结果不平等“的状态了,比如计划生育,汉人只能生一个,而有些少数民族可以生两三个,变成了列宁主义所说的大民族对小民族让步优惠,再比如经常为人诟病的优待外国留学生事件,如果说机会平等是相同GPA的拿一样的奖学金(比如GPA 3.8拿一等奖,GPA 3.5拿二等奖),结果平等是中国学生和外国留学生拿奖学金的概率一样(比如都是前10%拿奖学金),那么现在在中国读书的外国留学生是完完全全享受高人一等的待遇,拿奖学金的比例比中国学生高得多。
这也是西方非常不理解中国的一点,西方总觉得现在的中国是一个极右翼、大汉族主义政权,藏族维族的文化被剥夺了,甚至维族还被关进集中营,但是中国人(尤其是汉人)又觉得自己吃了大亏,首先是高考、就业、提干的名额都被少数民族抢了去;然后是计划生育只能生一个然后别的民族能生两三个,同时西方却无视汉人被强制绝育反而一直在为维吾尔人呼喊;最后犯罪上面又对少数民族实行“两少一宽“;更不要说各种外国人超国民待遇了。可以想见,这种互相之间的不理解在日后会引发一系列矛盾,汉人对维人,中国对西方,很可能出现两边在平行的擂台互相打拳各说各话的情况。
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2022.01.26 23:28 International-Band52 These subreddits make me feel so much worse (hopeless)

I've been having problems with anhedonia / alexithymia / emotional blunting for almost four years now and I just started my path to recovery a few weeks ago. I come to these subreddits for help or advice but most importantly hope that everything will get better, but instead I'm always hit with "does anyone else feel like _________?" and then the comments are all just "yep. Been having it for years. I've just learned to accept it."
There's obviously some kind of bias here because people who just accept their pain are more likely to continue experiencing it, but I NEVER see anyone say that they've fully recovered. Not even on other online blogs or forums. I only see ways to deal with it or treat it, but I never see stories about successful recoveries. So it just makes me feel like this is a permanent state.
But in my path to recovery so far, I've made substantial progress. I can't exactly pinpoint what's going on yet, but I'm starting to feel just a little more now. And then I come to these subreddits and end up feeling like my progress is just a complete delusion and that there's no hope. Who knows, maybe it is, but I can't tell myself that because it is itself a hindrance to my recovery.
So now I've decided to leave. I can't handle this anymore. I just finished scrolling and "crying" (I convinced myself that I couldn't feel it, although that was only partially true) for an hour because they just made me feel that hopeless. I can't even relate to anyone here because no one seems to be trying.
Good luck to you anhedonics.
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Any vantage points you guys know that I can drive up and like park my car listen to music and just chill, like a view of the ocean or the city or something Like that ?
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2022.01.26 23:28 Ok-Brilliant-5798 Hard to let go of a toxic person because of some good memories

Anyone else like me? He was a toxic person and i still haven’t let go of him completely.
Here’s a list of him being toxic:

And many more.
And i still miss him because we shared same hobbies, same taste in certain things etc. I enjoyed our time together and loved him despite his toxicity. He was good looking, successful for his age and extremely smart, we were both ambitious people and that’s rare to find…
And he was kind and attentive for the first 3 months and i can’t let go of those happy memories.
I can’t tell if above list is a good enough reason to let go of him. :(
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